Now for the knitty gritty (pardon the pun) – Shaping! You can do a lot with the basics but this is where you can really start having fun. Learn how to place increases and decreases and you open up a whole other world for yourself!

Today I’ll be showing you the most basic increase, used most often in simple patterns.

Keep in mind, there are different increases and decreases that tilt in different ways. Today’s increase leans to the right. You don’t always have to take this into consideration, but in some cases, choosing the correct lean can add polish to your finished product.

What you need:

– Yarn

– Knitting needles

This increase is referred to in knitting patterns as “knit in front and back” (abreviated to kfb).

Note: you’ll notice in my images that I have the working yarn in my left hand. This is called “Continental Knitting”. The only difference is which hand holds the working yarn; the stitches I demonstrate are worked in the same way whether knitting continental or traditional. 🙂


Begin by inserting your needle from front to back, as if to knit the stitch.

Yarn over,

And pull the yarn through.


Normally, to knit a stitch you would now remove the stitch from the left-hand needle. For this increase, do not yet drop the stitch. Instead, rotate your needle to the back and insert your needle into the same stitch a second time – this time from the right to the left.


Yarn over,


And pull through.



You can now drop the stitch from the left-hand needle. You should have a stitch that looks like mine, pictured above.



And here is what the stitch looks like in your finished project. Find a few patterns that call for this stitch and work them up for practice. After a few finished projects, you’ll have an idea of how to place increases to get the desired effect and you’ll be ready to start designing your own patterns! After you learn the decrease, that is. The tutorial for that is coming next Wednesday! 🙂

Show me what you’re shaping in the comments below!


Emma Knopp